According to a study conducted in Sweden the answer is most certainly yes!
Research conducted at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden determined that approximately 30% of children injured in car accidents end up suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Long lasting effects
The research by Eva Olofsson went on to determine that up to 20% of children still suffer from the mental and psychosocial effects of PTSD up to a year post accident.
Psychological injuries last longer than physical injuries?